دانلود پایان نامه ارشد رشته زبان خارجی: The Relationship among EFL Learners’ Use of Language Learning Strategies, Reading Strategies, and Reading Comprehension

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  The Relationship among EFL Learners’ Use of Language Learning Strategies, Reading Strategies, and Reading Comprehension

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS                                                                        ii

ABSTRACT                                                                                               iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                          iv

LIST OF TABLES                                                                                    vii

LIST OF FIGURES                                                                                   viii

 

CHAPTER I: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE                                     1

1.1 Introduction                                                                                           2

1.2 Statement of the Problem                                                                       5

1.3 Statement of the Research Questions                                                      6

1.4 Statement of the Research Hypotheses                                                    7

1.5 Definition of Key Terms                                                                        7

1.5.1 Learning Strategies                                                                    7

1.5.2 Reading Comprehension                                                            8

1.5.3 Reading Strategies                                                                     8

1.6 Significance of the Study                                                                        9

1.7 Limitations and Delimitations                                                                11

1.7.1 Limitations                                                                               11

1.7.2 Delimitations                                                                              12

CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE               13

2.1 Introduction                                                                                           14

2.2 Language Learning Strategies                                                                14

2.2.1 Categories of Language Learning Strategies                               15

2.2.2 Language Learning and Strategy use                                          17

2.3 Reading                                                                                                 21

2.3.1 Types of Reading                                                                      22

2.3.2 Components of Reading                                                             23

2.4 Reading Comprehension                                                                        25

2.4.1 Theories of Reading Comprehension                                          26

2.4.2 Definitions of Reading Comprehension                                       27

2.4.3 Categories of Reading Comprehension                                       28

2.5 Reading Strategies                                                                                 29

2.5.1 Definitions of Reading Strategies                                               31

2.5.2 Categories of Reading Strategies                                                 32

2.5.3 Reading Strategies and Reading Comprehension                        33

CHAPTER III: METHOD                                                                        36

3.1 Introduction                                                                                           37

3.2 Participants                                                                                           37

3.3 Instrumentations                                                                                    37

3.3.1 The Language Learning Questionnaire                                       38

3.3.2 The Reading Strategies Questionnaire                                        40

3.3.3 Reading Comprehension Test                                                    41

3.4 Procedure                                                                                              41

3.5 Design                                                                                                   42

3.6 Statistical Analysis                                                                                42

CHAPTER IV: ANALYSIS OF DATA                                                     43

4.1 Introduction                                                                                           44

4.2 Descriptive Statistics of the Pilot Study                                                  44

4.3 Descriptive Statistics of the Main Administration                                   46

4.3.1 Descriptive Statistics of the Language Learning Questionnaire    46

4.3.1.1 Memory Strategies                                                        48

4.3.1.2 Cognitive Strategies                                                      50                                   4.3.1.3 Compensation Strategies                                                51

4.3.1.4 Meta-cognitive Strategies                                              53

4.3.1.5 Affective Strategies                                                       54

4.3.1.6 Social Strategies                                                           56

4.3.1.7 Comparing the SILL’s Categories                                  57

4.3.2 Descriptive Statistics of the Reading Strategies Questionnaire     59

4.3.3 Descriptive Statistics of the Reading Comprehension Test          60

4.4 Testing the Hypotheses                                                                          61

4.4.1 Testing the First Hypothesis                                                      62                4.4.2 Testing the Second Hypothesis                                                  62

4.4.3 Testing the Third Hypothesis                                                     63

CHAPTER V: CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS                           65     

5.1 Introduction                                                                                           66

5.2 Procedure and Summary of the Findings                                                 66

5.3 Discussion                                                                                             67

5.4 Pedagogical Implications                                                                       69

5.4.1 Implications for EFL Teachers                                                   70

5.4.2 Implications for EFL Learners                                                   71

5.4.3 Implications for Syllabus designers                                            72

5.5 Suggestions for Further Research                                                           72

REFERENCES                                                                                         73

APPANICES                                                                                             81

Appendix A: Learning Strategies Questionnaire                                           82

Appendix B: Reading Strategies Questionnaire                                             84

Appendix C: Reading Comprehension Test                                                 86

 

List of Tables

Table 4.1: Descriptive Statistics of the PET Reading Comprehension Test Piloting           45

Table 4.2: Reliability of the PET Reading Comprehension Test Piloting                           45

Table 4.3: Descriptive Statistics of the SILL Questionnaire Administration                      47

Table 4.4: Descriptive Statistics of the Memory Strategies                                               49

Table 4.5: Descriptive Statistics of the Cognitive Strategies                                             50

Table 4.6: Descriptive Statistics of the Compensation Strategies                                      52

Table 4.7: Descriptive Statistics of the Meta-cognitive Strategies                                     53

Table 4.8: Descriptive Statistics of the Affective Strategies                                              55

Table 4.9: Descriptive Statistics of the Social Strategies                                                   56

Table 4.10: Descriptive Statistics of the SILL Categories Means                                      58

Table 4.11: Descriptive Statistics of the SORS Questionnaire Administration                   59

Table 4.12: Descriptive Statistics of the PET Reading Comprehension

Test Administration                                                                                       60

Table 4.13: Correlation between Reading Strategies and Reading

Comprehension                                                                                            62

Table 4.14: Correlation between Language Learning Strategies and

Reading Comprehension                                                                               63

Table 4.15: Correlation between Language Learning Strategies and

Reading Strategies                                                                                        64

 

 

LIST OF FIGURES

 

Figure 4.1: Score Distribution of the SILL Questionnaire                                                  48

Figure 4.2:

Author: 92